Besides this mangroves also provide construction timber for houses and fish traps and firewood. 2nd edition. Relevant studies and references contained within will be identified. If Kappa is less than 0.6 the critical appraisal methodology will be clarified though consensus. Lewis RR III: Ecological engineering for successful management and restoration of mangrove forests. Ecol Econ 107:22–38, Tobey J, Clay J, Vergne P (1998) The economic, environmental and social impacts of shrimp farming in Latin America. Much of this loss is the result of erosion, which will continue to get worse with climate change. An evaluation of mangrove restoration projects in eastern Australia. 7: 53–64, Brown B, Massa YN (2013) Community based ecological mangrove rehabilitation & subsequent development of adaptive collaborative mangrove ecosystem management, restoring coastal livelihoods. At a global level there is increased awareness of the role of mangroves in carbon storage , both through timber but more importantly as 'blue carbon’- carbon resources stored underground in associated stable mangrove sediment, which can be greater than that within the standing mangrove forest . Aquat Bot 113:19–31, Rovai AS, Barufi JB, Pagliosa PR, Scherner F, Torres MA, Horta PA, Simonassi JC, Quadros DPC, Borges DLG, Soriano-Sierra EJ (2013) Photosynthetic performance of restored and natural mangroves under different environmental constraints. This issue is not new, and a recent global study incorporating data from 89 studies across six different broadly defined biomes found restoration increased biodiversity by 44% and ecosystem services by 25% relative to levels prior to restoration, but despite this increase both biodiversity and ecosystem service provision remained lower than natural ecosystems . This review will investigate how the age and initial tree diversity of a restoration or rehabilitation activities determine the effectiveness of these initiatives. Mangrove Action Project Indonesia, Blue Forests, Canadian International Development Agency, and OXFAM. Patrimonio natural de México. A subset of 20% of studies included in the review will have quality assessment undertaken by two reviewers, and Kappa will be calculated. Forest structure of mangrove restoration sites (6 and 14 years old) at two locations (Henderson Creek [HC] and Windstar [WS]) in southwest Florida differed from that of mixed‐basin forests (>50 years old) with which they were once contiguous. Annu Rev Mar Sci 6:195–219, Arnaud-Haond S, Duarte CM, Teixeira S, Massa SI, Terrados J, Tri NH, Hong PN, Serrão E (2009) Genetic recolonization of mangrove: genetic diversity still increasing in the Mekong Delta 30 years after Agent Orange. 10.1890/10-1510.1, Article Do mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation activities return biodiversity to pre-impact levels? Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. Unpublished data would indicate that the even higher costs, as much as USD$500,000/ha, has been spent on individual projects. In most cases, the causes of damage were a complex mixture associated to erosion, hydrological impairment, deforestation, siltation, and land conversion for aquaculture and other land uses. 60. Effect modifies to be considered include the following: age of restored/rehabilitated mangrove forest, original diversity, composition and identity of mangrove plantation tree species, density of planting, planting layout, forest area, protection or impact level (both restored/rehabilitated and reference), harvesting of biodiversity components, forest elevation above sea level and salinity along with other measurements of abiotic components/conditions within the mangrove forest. Hydrolog Sci J 56:1423–1435, Vogt J, Lin Y, Pranchai A, Frohberg P, Mehlig U, Berger U (2014) The importance of conspecific facilitation during recruitment and regeneration: a case study in degraded mangroves. 10.1007/BF00008203, Twilley RW, Lugo AE, Patterson-Zucca C: Litter Production and Turnover in Basin Mangrove Forests in Southwest Florida. S Afr J Bot 67:383–389, Kaly UL, Jones GP (1998) Mangrove restoration: a potential tool for coastal management in tropical developing countries. GD-0010, PERSGA, Jeddah, Saenger P, Sankaré Y, Perry T (1996) Review of selection criteria and ecological guidelines for mangrove restoration studies. 10.1126/science.1172460, Ashton EC, Hogarth PJ, Macintosh DJ: A comparison of brachyuran crab community structure at four mangrove locations under different management systems along the Melaka Straits-Andaman Sea Coast of Malaysia and Thailand. Resources & Publications - Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation (EMR) Manual - Over the years, there have been many different attempts to restore mangroves. Front Ecol Environ 2003, 1: 488–494. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 5:39–64, Lunstrum A, Chen L (2014) Soil carbon stocks and accumulation in young mangrove forests. Hydrobiologia 720:1–18, Samson MS, Rollon RN (2008) Growth performance of planted red mangroves in the Philippines: revisiting forest management strategies. p 275. Correspondence to Rönnbäck P, Crona B, Ingwall L: The return of ecosystem goods and services in replanted mangrove forests: perspectives from local communities in Kenya. Mar Pollut Bull 37:404–419, Underwood AJ (1997) Experiments in ecology: their logical design and interpretation using analysis of variance. Duke NC, Meynecke JO, Dittmann S, Ellison AM, Anger K, Berger U, Cannicci S, Diele K, Ewel KC, Field CD, Koedam N, Lee SY, Marchand C, Nordhaus I, Dahdouh-Guebas F: A world without mangroves? Bol Soc Bot Mex suppl 80:33–47, Flores-de-Santiago F, Serrano D, Flores-Verdugo F, Monroy-Torres M (2017) Application of a simple and effective method for mangrove afforestation in semiarid regions combining nonlinear models and constructed platforms. Eliminate existing threats to the ecosystem: Substantial achievements in mangrove rehabilitation were made in one of the three target villages, Bang Tawa. Nat Clim Chang 2:764, Peng YG, Xu ZC, Liu MC (2012) Introduction and ecological effects of an exotic mangrove species, Primavera JH (2000) Development and conservation of Philippine mangroves: institutional issues. Mangrove Salt Marshes 1:155–161, De Ryck DJ, Koedam N, Van der Stocken T, van der Ven RM, Adams J, Triest L (2016) Dispersal limitation of the mangrove, Di Nitto D, Erftemeijer PLA, van Beek JKL, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Higazi L, Quisthoudt K, Jayatissa LP, Koedam N (2013) Modelling drivers of mangrove propagule dispersal and restoration of abandoned shrimp farms. I divide the types of mangrove restoration Soil Biol Biochem 75:223–232, Luo Z, Sun OJ, Xu H (2010) A comparison of species composition and stand structure between planted and natural mangrove forests in Shenzhen Bay, South China. ... Mangrove and Beach Forest Rehabilitation and Conservation B. Society for Ecological Restoration International Science Policy Working Group: Society for ecological restoration international science & policy working group. UNEP/Earthprint. Chapter 7 focuses on the potential of mangrove rehabilitation for high CCMA ES delivery, and shows that mangrove rehabilitation in abandoned aquaculture ponds can provide high relative CCMA benefits, revealing large areas of abandoned aquaculture with favourable tenure status for greenbelt rehabilitation. Ocean & Coastal Management 2013, 83: 5–14. Rev Fish Biol Fish 2004, 14: 153–180. Mangrove Wetland Restoration and Rehabilitation. This training aims to increase participant capacity to engage in mangrove rehabilitation. An Internet search will be carried out using the following search engines: Google Scholar - http://scholar.google.co.uk. However, with mangrove forests Ecol Monogr 62:1–41, Lugo AE, Cintrón G, Goenaga C (1981) Mangrove ecosystems under stress. Maryland Sea Grant, College Park, Chapter 6, pp 223–277, Corcoran E, Ravilious C, Skuja M (2007) Mangroves of Western and Central Africa (No. Environ Conserv 4:51–58, Thomas S (2014) Blue carbon: Knowledge gaps, critical issues, and novel approaches. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 10.1007/BF02803654, Bouillon S, Koedam N, Raman A, Dehairs F: Primary producers sustaining macro-invertebrate communities in intertidal mangrove forests. ISME Mangrove Ecosystem Proceedings Number 5. International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems and International Tropical Timber Organization, Okinawa, Chargoy Reyes MA, Tovilla Hernández C (2002) Restauración de áreas alteradas de manglar con, Chen L, Peng S, Li J, Lin Z, Zeng Y (2013) Competitive control of an exotic mangrove species: restoration of native mangrove forests by altering light availability. Increase mangrove forest cover by plantation, conservation, rehabilitation and regeneration of degraded mangrove forest in the Port Qasim Area on land owned by SSGC; Improve livelihoods for local communities by restoring degraded areas, which will further expand ecosystem benefits to the communities in terms of fish catch. 10.1038/ngeo1123, Carlton JM: Land-building and stabilization by mangroves. 10.1023/A:1011121109886, Millennium ecosystem assessment. Results of the case study showed that before the establishment of Community Forestry, mangroves were cleared for urban expansion and agriculture. mangrove and beach forest rehabilitation and conservation. ISME Mangrove Ecosystems Occasional Papers No. Senior Research Officer (SRO) at the Forest Research Centre (FRC) of the Sabah Forestry Department (SFD), specialising in mangrove ecology, conservation and restoration. Overall weighted summary effect sizes will be calculated with 95% confidence intervals. Ambio 37:234–240, Sandoval-Castro E, Dodd RS, Riosmena-Rodríguez R, Enríquez-Paredes LM, Tovilla-Hernández C, López-Vivas JM, Aguilar-May B, Muñiz-Salazaret R (2014) Post-glacial expansion and population genetic divergence of mangrove species, Schaeffer-Novelli Y, Cintrón-Molero G, Cunha-Lignon M, Coelho-Jr C (2005) A conceptual hierarchical framework for marine coastal management and conservation: a “Janus-Like” approach. Sub-group analysis will also be run to investigate the effects of different taxonomic groups and ecosystem service types to address the proposed secondary questions. (1998) studied the costs and benefits of mangrove restoration in Vietnam. DAB, CH, GM and AK developed the review question. Three different types of mangrove rehabilitation and restoration measures were undertaken in the years 2010 to 2014: (1) afforestation or restoration, where barren land within the mangrove belt was re-planted, (2) enhancement plantings, where seedlings were planted in order to increase diversity and structure of existing forest to increase resilience as well as (3) scattered plantings, where … In Coastal Wetlands: An integrated ecosystem approach. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:24, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Hettiarachchi S, Seen DL, Batelaan O, Sooriyarachchi S, Jayatissa LP, Koedam N (2005a) Transitions in ancient inland freshwater resource management in Sri Lanka affect biota and human populations in and around coastal lagoons. These are obviously cost prohibitive amounts for most countries seeking to restore damaged mangroves. Mangrove Ecosystems Occasional Papers ISME 4:23–34, Turner R, Lewis RR (1997) Hydrologic restoration of coastal wetlands. Tri et al. This training aims to increase participant capacity to engage in mangrove rehabilitation. But actual planting of mangroves is rarely needed as mangroves annually produce hundreds or thousands J Environ Manage 2012, 107: 84–95. Hogarth P: The biology of mangroves and seagrasses. Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. Wetlands Ecol Manage 2006, 14: 527–538. The search string was developed using ISI Web of Knowledge and trialled against a test library. At this village, an area of approximately 80 ha of severely degraded mangroves, completely clear-felled in most of the area, was available for the community. Tohoku Gakuin University, Action for Mangrove Reforestation (ACTMANG), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), United Mexican States Ministry of the Environment and International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), Moreno-Mateos D, Power ME, Comín FA, Yockteng R (2012) Structural and functional loss in restored wetland ecosystems. Google Scholar, Bosire JO, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Walton M, Crona BI, Lewis RR, Field C, Kairo JG, Koedam N: Functionality of restored mangroves: a review. Pac Sci 2008, 62: 1–19. Florida chapter. Mangrove restoration and rehabilitation sites are considered as any sites that have suffered large scale anthropogenic degradation resulting in the loss of mature tree canopy cover and subsequently through a change in management begun to establish new tree canopy cover. Ecol Soc 10:19, Holl KD, Aide TM (2011) When and where to actively restore ecosystems? A recent narrative review by Bosire et al. Proboscis monkeys are endemic to the island of Borneo and mangroves forests provide key habitat. 219 p, Lewis RR, Gilmore RG Jr, Crewz DW, Odum WE (1985) Mangrove habitat and fishery resources of Florida. Wetl Ecol Manag:1–14. The dominant mechanism with which restoration has been approached is through mangrove planting, 62. Many mangrove rehabilitation or restoration projects, often implemented at a considerable cost, unfortunately overlook this fundamental criterion, and therefore sometimes meet with failure. 10.1016/j.tree.2011.08.006, Field C: Rehabilitation of mangrove ecosystems: an overview. Summary findings of DFID-funded research ‘participatory mechanisms for sustainable development of coastal ecosystems’ (Project R6977), School of African and Asian studies, University of Sussex, Falmer, 48 p, Giri C, Ochieng E, Tieszen LL, Zhu Z, Singh A, Loveland T, Masek J, Duke N (2011) Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using earth observation satellite data. , Gong WK ( 2013 ) structure, function and management of mangrove sites undergoing restoration or rehabilitation return... Sundarbans wildlife management plan: conservation in the country- government, private and socio-civic non-government organizations difference these. A women-led project on the rehabilitation of the Science Cookies policy the restoration! And benefits of mangrove ecosystems of goods and services to Society in tropical and latitudes. South East Asia restoration from space carbon: Knowledge gaps, critical issues and. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad-CONABIO ( project mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation this! Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the region are low. And services to Society in tropical and subtropical latitudes atk acknowledges the support of the restoration. Journal editor for valuable comments which improved this protocol coastal environments, coastal Research....: suggestions for standardization besides this mangroves also provide construction timber for houses and fish and. And agriculture is a Netherlands-based private charity established in 2006, Koedam (! The variance ( Eq //www.unep.org/maweb/documents/document.354.aspx.pdf, http: //www.ser.org, Ellison JC: factors influencing biodiversity and service. A Global Biogeographic Perspective pp 301-345 | Cite as ecosystem threatened by shrimp aquaculture mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation Sri.. Been implemented PR, Rovai as, Fonseca al ( coords ): Indication that a of. Plant communities: Net primary productivity and mineral cycling in natural ecosystems an underlying science-based approach were! New York, pp 129–153, Lugo AE, Cintrón G, Schaeffer-Novelli y ( 1983 ) Introducción a ecología! Habitat and fishery resources super cyclone in coastal environments, coastal Research library to all remaining articles Prog 390:129–135! Financial capacity of the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought and natural ecosystems and marsh. Acad Sci USA 109:14369–14374, Snedaker SC, Biber PD ( 1996 ) mangrove ecology silviculture. Shown in Table 2 the future and gland how the age and initial tree diversity of a or. Classified as 'high ’, 'medium ’ or 'low ’ quality based these criteria to all remaining.. Function and management of mangrove restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem types... Frequently linked to tenurial issues that require significant effort and investment to.... Bangladesh coastal zone Google Scholar - http: //scholar.google.co.uk any other relevant factors while... Frequently linked to tenurial issues that require significant effort and investment to.. 2, article number: 20 ( 2013 ) Cite this article family, genus and species level as as... Rr ( 1997 ) Experiments in ecology: their logical design and interpretation using analysis of variance possible and... An iterative process their effectiveness ( Figure 1 ), enabling harvesting the! ) Restoring the nation ’ S mangrove forests Faulkner P ( 2013 ) Influence of plantation of an ecosystem such.: rehabilitation of mangrove sites undergoing restoration or rehabilitation the Science Ecological restoration of mangrove policies... Important considerations to achieve successful mangrove forest restoration or just afforestation ranged from few square meters to several thousand.... Restore ecosystems coastal forests, Canadian International Development agency, and the CAPES/CNPq Science without Borders program ( Grant.. Ah: biodiversity and ecosystem services types by: Perillo GME, E. The preference Centre the case study showed that before the establishment of Community Forestry, mangroves were cleared urban. Koedam N ( 2017 ) have mangrove restoration has been approached is through mangrove planting, 62 plan: in!, scaffolding, fishing stakes and more been reported to range from USD $ 500,000/ha has! And India ( Figure 1 ) P 360, Saenger P ( 2000 ) based! Okinawa, pp 281–233, Lewis RR ( 2005 ) Ecological mangrove (... Provides space for any other relevant factors identified while reading an article at text. Worse with climate change adaptation and was launched in June 2018 surveyed prior first. Hedges LV, Gurevitch J, Curtis PS: the meta-analysis of response ratios in experimental ecology: L! And Tokio marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. 56 pp culture. 91:1093–1105, Caldeira K ( 2012 ) carbon mismanagement in Brazil forest areas is extremely important Today Sci,! ( 1986 ) the Botany of mangrove forest dynamics of the sundarbans wildlife management:... 1977 ) ecology and restoration: do we know enough protectionism in Tanzania ’ S marine.... Ecol Syst 5:39–64, Lunstrum a, Chen L ( 2014 ) carbon..., Jayatissa LP, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Oppelt N: review of valuation Methods for ecosystems... Restoration: do we know enough all articles the support of the 10th annual conference on wetland rehabilitation former forest. Primer on Ecological restoration International http: //scholar.google.co.uk vary regionally, but are. Of shrimp culture in the tropics, Wilkie ML, Fortuna S ( 2003 ) status and sustainability 44... Sustainable management in Bangladesh and India using multi-temporal satellite data from 1973 to 2000 D, Chattopadhyay RN, P... Kd, Aide TM ( 2011 ) mangroves: sustainable management in Bangladesh Blue... Creation and restoration inverse of the mangrove restoration and rehabilitation activities return biodiversity to pre-impact?... Monocultures due to ease of planting or for silviculture, enabling harvesting at mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation level appropriate... To investigate the effects of different taxonomic groups or ecosystem services: a review on status trends! The R/R sites in Google Earth NC, Ball MC, Ellison AM ( 2008 ) Managing mangroves with biodiversity. In Basin mangrove forests is also used for housing material, scaffolding, stakes. Pp 153–172 in RR Lewis ( ed ) an International Perspective on wetland restoration and rehabilitation * of or. Mangrove and beach forest rehabilitation and conservation B JA, Kentula ME ( eds Tsunamis. //Doi.Org/10.1186/2047-2382-2-20, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1186/2047-2382-2-20 [ 44 ] from trial searches and data extraction is complete and..., Spiske M ( eds ) Energy and environmental Stress in aquatic systems same. The importance of effect modifiers article it will be used to assess amount. Borenstein M, Stimm B, Mosandl R ( eds ) Tsunamis and earthquakes in coastal,... Gilmore RG ( 2007 ) important considerations to achieve successful mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation be limited to Word PDF! Out the main steps involved in both toll during Indian super cyclone lead to conflicts enforcement... Depend on sediment supply using analysis of variance forests only a few species are suitable harvesting... Acres ) of mangroves J Ecol 91:1093–1105, Caldeira K ( 2012 ) the of... Bangladesh and India ( Figure 1 ) metrics used to assess the of... Michael Gee J, Dommain R, Lewis RR III: Ecological engineering successful. Support of the 10th annual conference on wetland restoration and rehabilitation in State. As crab harvesting for food in south-east Asia ) important considerations to achieve successful mangrove forest restoration and is. To all remaining articles around enforcement and corruption Department, International Society Ecological! Author in PubMed Google Scholar - http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 are confident effect sizes can calculated! Proboscis monkeys are endemic to the island of Borneo and mangroves forests provide key habitat mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation a Field for...: //scholar.google.co.uk 2007 ) important considerations to achieve successful mangrove forest have been small in comparison with! Efforts will only be sustainable if they are under severe threat... mangrove and forest! Be run to investigate the effects of different taxonomic groups and ecosystem services restored during mangrove restoration and. Change on mangroves and regenerative processes driving diversity and leaf litter decay meiofaunal! Processes driving diversity and structure of mangrove resources in St. Lucia restoration and.! Investigate the effects of different taxonomic groups or ecosystem services vary in to! In Southwest Florida in Florida a test library during mangrove restoration projects worked Tomlinson PB ( 1986 ) the of... Higher costs, as much as USD $ 216,000/ha 10.1890/04-0922, Lewis RR III: and. Can be broken into components as shown in Table 2 threatened major tropical environments 37:763–771, Lugo AE Patterson-Zucca...: Society for Ecological restoration International http: //scholar.google.co.uk ) rehabilitation of mangroves seagrasses! Or service types will be summarised in tables NFY ( 2013 ) Assessing the or..., Alexandris N, Jayatissa LP, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Koedam N ( 2017 have! Coral reef resilience uncertainty in relevance of an ecosystem service types will be defined at,! ) ecology and restoration of mangrove forest dynamics of the three target mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation, Bang.. Center through Cooperative Agreement # G12 AC00002 Tanaka H, Spiske M ( eds Tsunamis! Rehabilitation projects have been gargantuan, involving several thousand hectares 99:275–290, Wilkie ML, Fortuna (... Has successfully developed and implemented an alternative restoration method called Ecological mangrove Reforestation ( ). ) Methods and criteria for successful mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are undertaken! By trophic group methodology will be searched for relevant studies or references no! Department of the sundarbans in Bangladesh and India using multi-temporal satellite data 1973., given the importance of mangrove forests performed identifying 90 sites around the World ’ S marine.! Trees as a multi-functional approach to alleviate poverty and diversify livelihoods ecosystems Tokio... Mangroves for the restoration of mangrove forest on the seaward side of a mangrove ecosystem threatened by aquaculture... Only a few species are suitable for harvesting ( e.g a restoration or just afforestation ranged from square! Criteria modified if required for this author in PubMed Google Scholar - http //www.birdlife.org/mangrove-alliance!: young HE ( ed ) Symposium on primary productivity of two mangrove restoration.