Evidence includes the behavior of rulers . Furthermore, in Kugle's reading, the Quran "implies that some people are different in their sexual desires than others." ", In Jordan, where homosexuality is legal, "gay hangouts have been raided or closed on bogus charges, such as serving alcohol illegally. For myself personally, being a gay Muslim woman has been difficult. Before that, homosexuality between consenting adults had not been criminalized ever prior to this law. In Albania and Turkey, there have been discussions about legalizing same-sex marriage.  On the other hand, men adopting the passive role were more subjected to stigma. Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran, but the term does appear in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text. es v.tr. Maajid Nawaz vs Abdullah al Andalusi", "Implied Cases for Muslim Same-Sex Unions", Before Homosexuality in the Arab–Islamic World, 1500–1800, Islamic Homosexualities: culture, history, and literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LGBT_in_Islam&oldid=991935568#Gender_variant_and_transgender_people, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, States which did not support either declaration, States that are not voting members of the United Nations, States which supported an opposing declaration in 2008 and continued their opposition in 2011, South Sudan, which was not a member of the United Nations in 2008, States which supported the LGBT rights declaration in the General Assembly or on the Human Rights Council in 2008 or 2011, Turkey Muslims: According to the survey conducted by the, 31 December 2013 - New Year's Eve arson attack on gay nightclub in. ":196, 198, Kecia Ali in her 2016 book Sexual Ethics and Islam says that "there is no one Muslim perspective on anything." It seems there may have been some variance in how "effeminate" they were, though there are indications that some adopted aspects of feminine dress or at least ornamentation. 3. commit a sin; violate a law of God or a moral law. " University of Münster professor Thomas Bauer points that even though there were many orders of stoning for homosexuality, there is not a single proven case of it being carried out. , From Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, the Prophet (p.b.u.h) states that: "If a woman comes upon a woman, they are both adulteresses, if a man In 2011, Abdullah created an LGBTQ+ mosques, known as the Light of Reform Mosque, to provide members of the LGBTQ+ community with marriage ceremonies.  Schmitt (1992) identifies some twenty words in Arabic, Persian and Turkish to identify those who are penetrated. , "Homosexuality was a key symbolic issue throughout the Middle Ages in [Islamic] Iberia. Islam provides people with a peaceful and healthy life. ", It was narrated that Jabir: "The Prophet said: 'There is nothing I fear for my followers more than the deed of the people of Lot. To go beyond or over (a limit or boundary); exceed or overstep: "to make sure that her characters didn't transgress the parameters of ordinariness" (Ron Rosenbaum). Since homosexuality is against the law in some Middle Eastern countries, Imaan is taking a large stance against these laws and is attempting to change the way Middle Eastern countries look at LGBTQ+ individuals.  Ali states there is a lack of focus in medieval tradition on female same-sex sexual activity, where the Qur'an mainly focuses male/male sex. He founded Marhaba, a support group for, The Safra Project for women is based in the UK.  Dawud al-Antaki advanced that it could have been caused by an acidic substance embedded in the veins of the anus, causing itchiness and thus the need to seek relief. , In Bangladesh, homosexual acts are illegal and punishable according to section 377. Indeed, Islam is the religion of forgiveness that is why He has provided us a path of repentance so that we could ask for pardon from Him. The protest led to the school backing down by no longer following through with the “No Outsider” program. to go beyond the limits imposed by (a law, command, etc. Under this reading, Islam can be described as "a religion that positively assesses diversity in creation and in human societies," allowing gay and lesbian Muslims to view homosexuality as representing the "natural diversity in sexuality in human societies. Physician that theorized on ubnah includes Rhazes, who thought that it was correlated with small genitals and that a treatment was possible provided that the subject was deemed to be not too effeminate and the behavior not "prolonged". The second type acts like a woman out of immoral purposes and he is the sinner and blameworthy. The Trust suggests that the majority of individuals who are homeless due to religious out casting are either Christian or Muslim. , The hadith collection of Bukhari (compiled in the 9th century from earlier oral traditions) includes a report regarding mukhannathun, effeminate men who were granted access to secluded women's quarters and engaged in other non-normative gender behavior: This hadiths attributed to Muhammad's wives, a mukhannath in question expressed his appreciation of a woman's body and described it for the benefit of another man. A person shouldn’t have to uproot their entire life to make other people more comfortable. Classical Islamic jurists did not deal with homosexuality as a sexual orientation, since the latter concept is modern and has no match in traditional law, which dealt with it under the technical terms of liwat and zina. As a matter of fact, transgression in making supplication includes all such things for it was narrated that ‘Abdullah ibn Mughaffal heard his son say: “ O Allaah, I ask You the white palace on the right side of Paradise if I enter it. The so-called Jihadi groups, which consist of extremist Muslims of every faction: ranging from Salafis, Wahhabis, Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Isis and many more, consider themselves as advocates of True Islam. ", In their book Islamic Law and Muslim Same-Sex Unions, Junaid Jahangir and Hussein Abdullatif argue that interpretations which view the Quranic narrative of the people of Lot and the derived classical notion of liwat as applying to same-sex relationships reflect the sociocultural norms and medical knowledge of societies that produced those interpretations. Persecution of homosexuals has been exacerbated in recent decades by a rise in Islamic fundamentalism and the emergence of the gay-rights movement in the West, which allowed Islamists to paint homosexuality as a noxious Western import. (16)"[4:15–16 (Translated by Shakir)], Most exegetes hold that these verses refer to illicit heterosexual relationships, although a minority view attributed to the Mu'tazilite scholar Abu Muslim al-Isfahani interpreted them as referring to homosexual relations. In Iran, according to article 129 and 131 there are up to 100 lashes of whip first three times and fourth time death penalty for lesbians. Acquiring this new knowledge, Alhamdulillah, my ideology of marriage completely changed. You don’t just decide one day that you’re tired of being a man so you’re going to become a woman and vice versa. The Prophet turned out such-and-such man, and 'Umar turned out such-and-such woman. Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran, but the term does appear in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text.  LGBT people also have the right to seek asylum in Turkey under the Geneva Convention since 1951.. In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender.  While it is difficult to ascertain to what extent the legal sanctions were enforced in different times and places, historical record suggests that the laws were invoked mainly in cases of rape or other "exceptionally blatant infringement on public morals". There are many explicit discussions of "same-sex sexual activity" in medieval Arabic literature. I wholeheartedly and proudly accept all men and women – regardless of anything as my brothers and sisters in Islam. Islam a Religion of mercy does not permit Terrorism. Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab Fight in the cause of Allah ˹only˺ against those who wage war against you, but do not exceed the limits.  Straightway responded to this by compiling a document to clarify what they regarded as fundamental issues concerning Islam and homosexuality.  In United Arab Emirates it is a capital offense. It soon grew into an international organization with annual international retreats of up to 120 international delegates meeting annually in Cape Town to discuss issues pertaining to LGBTIQ Muslims.  The famous author Jahiz tried to explain the abrupt change in attitudes toward homosexuality after the Abbasid Revolution by the arrival of the Abbasid army from Khurasan, who are said to have consoled themselves with male pages when they were forbidden to take their wives with them. The Qur’an uses the word jihad in a generic sense, denoting any form of struggle in the cause of God (29:69). ); violate; infringe: to transgress the will of God.  Greek homoerotic motifs may have accurately described pederastic practices in ancient Greece, but in their Islamic adaptations they tended to play a satirical or metaphorical rather than descriptive role. Furthermore, Musić wrote, "my research and reflection helped me to imagine my sexuality as a gift from a loving, not hateful, God. Accordingly, the Arabic language had an appreciable vocabulary of homoerotic terms, with dozens of words just to describe types of male prostitutes. . Supporters Pakistani religious party Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam rally near the Parliament to condemn a Supreme Court decision that acquitted Asia Bibi, a … The two main reasons are failing to trust in Allah and falling victim to ones vain desires and thinking. And the answer of his people was no other than that they said: Turn them out of your town, surely they are a people who seek to purify (themselves). For the next seventy years, until the dismantlement of the first state in 1818, the Wahhabis dominated from Damascus to Baghdad. v.intr. Another scholar argues that "the Qur'an does not address homosexuality or homosexuals explicitly."  For example, Abu `Isa Muhammad ibn `Isa at-Tirmidhi (compiling the Sunan al-Tirmidhi around C.E.884) wrote that Muhammad had indeed prescribed the death penalty for both the active and also the passive partner: Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet said: If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done. , Egyptian Islamist journalist Muhammad Jalal Kishk also found no punishment for homosexual acts prescribed in the Quran, regarding the hadith that mentioned it as poorly attested. It’s an issue that we as a community need to overcome, together. , The 14th-century Iranian poet Obeid Zakani, in his scores of satirical stories and poems, has ridiculed the contradiction between the strict prohibitions of homosexuality on the one hand and its common practice on the other.  A painting by Riza Abbasi with homo-erotic qualities shows the ruler enjoying such delights. After Alam stepped down, subsequent leaders failed to sustain the organization and it began a process of legal dissolution in 2011. None of that should matter. Believing that transgenders are dearer to God, some Muslim rulers appointed them as intercessors in royal palaces, including those …  Same-sex sexual intercourse is legal in Albania, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon,[note 2] Mali, Niger, Tajikistan, Turkey, most of Indonesia[note 3], the West Bank (State of Palestine), and Northern Cyprus.  However, authors Lapidus and Salaymeh write that before the 19th century Ottoman society had been open and welcoming to homosexuals and that by the 1850s via European influence they began censoring homosexuality in their society.  Homoerotic themes were cultivated in poetry and other literary genres written in major languages of the Muslim world from the 8th century into the modern era. In 2018 after having served the organization for 20 years her resigned after detecting corruption in the organization and being maliciously and wrongfully accused of mismanagement of funds.  The Russian LGBT Network believes that around 40 persons were detained and two killed.. Regardless of this, the school's minister emphasized that the school tries express equality. Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password.  Jordan, Bahrain, and-more recently-India have abolished the criminal penalties for consensual homosexual acts introduced under colonial rule. The newest hijab company sweeping through its market, Egypt and Iran declared that gender reassignment surgery was declared acceptable under Islamic law, Muslim can legally have a gender reassignment surgery, Building Community in the Age of Contempt, 15 Things About Postpartum Recovery I Wish Other Moms Warned Me About, “Framed People” Founder Talks Framing Your Face with Hijab, “I Like Black Girls” and Other Things You Shouldn’t Say To Me.  The Abbasid ruler Al-Amin (809–813) was said to have required slave women to be dressed in masculine clothing so he could be persuaded to have sex with them, and a broader fashion for ghulamiyyat (boy-like girls) is reflected in literature of the period. In France there was an Islamic same-sex marriage on 18 February 2012.  In Kuwait, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, homosexual acts between males are illegal, but homosexual relations between females are legal. He also said, although such lifestyles deviate from Islam, the government would not impose such a punishment on the group. During March 2019, British Muslim parents began protesting Parkfield Community School, a town where more than a third of the children are Muslim, due to the school's implementation of a “No Outsiders” sex-education program. Trans women can't access educational institutions and medical services. Discrimination starts from their own family members when trans women are forced to leave their house. , As the latest addition in the list of criminalizing Muslim counties, Brunei's has implemented penalty for homosexuals within Sharia Penal Code in stages since 2014. Our Shaykh (i.e., Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, may Allah have mercy on him) said: and except sins against other people such as murder and oppression. In May 2016, a group of 51 Muslim majority states blocked 11 gay and transgender organizations from attending the 2016 High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS. The experience humbled and softened her and she is grateful to Islam and Allah for giving her the strength and happiness to live her life as a woman. '", Other hadiths seem to permit homoerotic feelings as long as they are not translated into action. " Mustafa Akyol writes that "The Ottoman sultans, arguably, were social liberals compared with the contemporary Islamists of Turkey, let alone the Arab World. Ali Hili reports that "since the 2003 invasion more than 700 people have been killed because of their sexuality." In these circumstances, permission is given to fight back -- but even then Muslims are instructed not to transgress limits and to cease fighting as soon as the attacker gives up. , Liwat can therefore be regarded as "temptation", and anal intercourse is not seen as repulsively unnatural so much as dangerously attractive.  Khaled el-Rouayheb (2014) maintain that "much if not most of the extant love poetry of the period [16th to 18th century] is pederastic in tone, portraying an adult male poet's passionate love for a teenage boy". However there is no sin for those who choose not to marry, as long as they will not transgress against Allah’s limits and fall into the forbidden acts. Otherwise they will transgress and violate the guidelines set by Allah. ", "Muslims in Britain have zero tolerance of homosexuality, says poll", Zusammenfassung "Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland", Deutsch-Türkische Lebens- und Wertewelten 2012, "Muslime in Deutschland mit Staat und Gesellschaft eng verbunden", "Weltanschauliche Vielfalt und Demokratie", "U.S. Muslims Concerned About Their Place in Society, but Continue to Believe in the American Dream", "Emerging Consensus on LGBT Issues: Findings From the 2017 American Values Atlas", "Muslim Canadians increasingly proud of and attached to Canada, survey suggests", "Almost half of people in Turkey think that LGBT+ people should have equal rights, nine percent more than last year, according to a survey", "Iran's Supreme Leader says "There is no worst form of moral degeneration than homosexuality, "Iranian human rights official describes homosexuality as an illness", "A Code of Practice For Muslims in the West", "Initial empirical and clinical findings concerning the change process for ex-gays", "London mayor stands firm despite sustained campaign", "Statement on Homosexualist Campaign against Muslim Scholar", "Russian police round up LGBT activists demonstrating against persecution of gay men in Chechnya", "Russians Protesting Abuse of Gay Men in Chechnya Are Detained", "Information uncovered about a second prison for homosexuals in the Russian republic of Chechnya", "Chechnya detains 100 gay men in first concentration camps since the Holocaust", "Report: Chechnya Is Torturing Gay Men in Concentration Camps", "Murder of honor: the ambitions of a well-known LGBT activist awake a terrible ancient custom in Chechnya", "Chechen Authorities Arresting and Killing Gay Men, Russian Paper Says", "Analysis - She broke the story of Chechnya's anti-gay purge. He later withdrew the remarks after condemnation from rights groups. For other religious views on LGBT, see, History of homosexuality in Islamic societies, Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism, (references 7:80–84, 11:77–83, 21:74, 22:43, 26:165–175, 27:56–59, and 29:27–33), Tilo Beckers, "Islam and the Acceptance of Homosexuality," in, The official text of Article 354 in French (, لا تنظروا إلى المردان فإن فيهم لمحة من الحور, Aisha Geissinger, "Islam and Discourses of Same-Sex Desire" in.  Beyond penetrative anal sex, there was "general agreement" that "other homosexual acts (including any between females) were lesser offenses, subject only to discretionary punishment.  However, any confident assessment of the actual incidence of homosexual behavior remains elusive. This transgression is the act of slaying innocent humans as sacrifice and terrorizing the masses to get the message across. Bauer continues that "Although contemporary Islamist movements decry homosexuality as a form of Western decadence, the current prejudice against it among Muslim publics stems from an amalgamation of traditional Islamic legal theory with popular notions that were imported from Europe during the colonial era, when Western military and economic superiority made Western notions of sexuality particularly influential in the Muslim world. They have to make sure that this is not halal and will not please Allah. Salaam was found in 1993 by, In May 2009, the Toronto Unity Mosque / el-Tawhid Juma Circle was founded by Laury Silvers, a. Imam Daayiee Abdullah, one of America's first openly gay Imam's, argues that the existing view towards homosexuality among Muslims is based on tradition, not an interpretation of scriptures. They "fall into three broad categories: (1) God Is Merciful; (2) That Is Just Who I Am; and (3) It's Not Just Islam.  There was debate as to whether the active and passive partners in anal sex should be punished equally. unpunished. Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet cursed effeminate men; those men who are in the similitude (assume the manners of women) and those women who assume the manners of men, and he said, "Turn them out of your houses." " The Hanbalites are the most severe among Sunni schools, insisting on capital punishment for anal sex in all cases, while the other schools generally restrict punishment to flagellation with or without banishment, unless the culprit is muhsan (Muslim free married adult), and Hanafis often suggest no physical punishment at all, leaving the choice to the judge's discretion.  In some countries like Iran and Iraq the dominant discourse is that Western imperialism has spread homosexuality. , In mystic writings of the medieval era, such as Sufi texts, it is "unclear whether the beloved being addressed is a teenage boy or God." Caliph al-Mutasim in the 9th century and some of his successors were accused of homosexuality. The Quran and the Hadith, properly and unbiasedly understood, provide the basic source of authentication for any position or view which is attributed to Islam. So he ordered regarding him and he was banished to an-Naqi'.
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