libertarianism

libertarianism


Social Cohesion and Progressivism vs. Rugged Individualism and Cognitive Bias

social cohesion March 10th, 2020

The New York Times columnist David Leonhardt worked his way into my respect naturally. Somehow, the NYT started sending me his opinion pieces maybe three or four times a week, and my first thought was, “Who’s the new guy?” A page that has featured Charles Blow, Thomas L. Friedman, Maureen Dowd, Nicholas D. Kristof, Paul Krugman, and Bob Herbert creates a high bar in my mind. But, over time, Leonhardt has grown to be one of my favorite and most-quoted writers. In one piece, he gives voice to a core is a political philosphy precept of mine: social cohesion depends on political progress. Another way to phrase this idea would be: social welfare vs. individual supremacy vis-a-vis political progressivism.

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What Do We Deserve? Moral Desert & Entitlement

moral desert January 21st, 2020

What does a person – let’s confine it to Americans in this blog – deserve? In philosophy, it is termed moral dessert. That is, as a member of society, what rights does one have to goods and benefits and opportunities? Contrast dessert (sometimes spelled desert) with entitlement – the rights one has based on law, contracts, and agreements. In this piece, I want to dilate on this topic, and to that end, will share a brief discussion a friend and I had. You may not be surprised to learn that I take a generally liberal position, and my friend, a fairly libertarian one. I am more likely to see, optimistically, that people deserve opportunity, chances, and help from society at large (i.e., the institutions of government and associated social welfare provisions). You can expect, of course, to see apt quotations brought to bear on the dialogue.

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Paternalism: The Individual Vs. The People

November 21st, 2018

Paternalism is the idea that the State (one’s country) has a right to determine some rules that citizens are obliged to follow because the State knows better and something important is on the line. So, stopping at a traffic light might simply be a law – and one that everyone can agree with. Libertarians, however, object to some laws made by lawmakers on the grounds that they are unnecessarily paternalistic, and sap the liberty of the individual. Wearing helmets during motorcycling is a good example of an issue that is debated between libertarians and those who feel that the individual is not necessarily the best decision-maker when it comes to things such as safety. Clearly, gun rights are the issue du jour. Here are some thoughts about who gets to decide what, how, and why.

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Is There Hope for Free Will and Moral Choices?

free will November 12th, 2018

One of the oldest questions in psychology, and in other fields such as philosophy, is whether humans have free will. That is, are we able to choose what we will do with our lives?” This is how psychologist Seth Schwartz begins his trenchant piece entitled, simply, “Do We Have Free Will?” This article, which originally appearred on PsychologyToday.com, is particularly relevant to the section of this blog called Applied Psychology. I am eager to present this piece here because this 10-minute read carefully captures the intriguing and vexing issue of free will vs. determinism when it comes to human actions – and, importantly, morality.

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Libertarian Values Deserve Praise and Critique

August 24th, 2018

Libertarianism is a philosophy and a theory about government and society in which liberty is the highest principle. Other libertarian values include freedom, autonomy, responsibility, and non-coercion. Libertarians have always (and especially in Obama’s two terms) been very skeptical about state power (e.g., the government). Laws — from being drafted into the military all the way down to motorcycle helmet laws — are ideally few and only those which are absolutely necessary for social functioning and human welfare. The motto of a person holding libertarian values goes something like “I am a free and autonomous individual. I want to pursue my own ends in ways of my own choosing with other individuals (or not!) and government has very little justifiable reason to prevent me from doing what I wish – as long as I don’t harm other people.” In this blog, I explore libertarianism, highlight a few notable libertarians, contrast it with modern/American political liberalism, and generally share some information and critique of libertarian values.

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Libertarian Quotes by Scholar David Boaz

libertarian February 6th, 2018

One modern expert on libertarian thought is Cato Institute scholar, David Boaz. I enjoyed reading his book The Libertarian Reader. Another interesting book seems to be Libertarian Mind: A Manifesto for Freedom. He really knows the subject well, and for those who are interested in the strengths of the philosophy, he (and the myriad contributors to the compendium) lays it out clearly. I personally am not a libertarian per say, but I do see libertarianism as offering some “leavening” for my generally progressive outlook. Enjoy these David Boaz quotes: 

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I Will Choose Free Will!

free will January 21st, 2018

“Are we free? Most of us, on the one hand, have the clear sense that we are. We feel free; we feel like we make all sorts of decisions that lead to both beliefs and actions that are wholly of our own choosing. Like, I had oatmeal this morning because I felt like it. This view — that humans are capable of entirely free actions — is known as libertarian free will.” [Similar to but distinctly different from political libertarianism], “they just think that, metaphysically, we can act freely” ~ Ruth Tallman. Dr. Tallman then notes that, however, most of us also accept that all actions have causes. If one looks closely enough, it seems hard to escape the feeling that indeed our acts are all caused by something, and that “my will” is not an acceptable answer to the question, “By what?” This blog explores the question of free will vs. determinism.

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Quotes About Freedom by Famous Feminists

quotes about freedom January 4th, 2018

2018 is expected to be “the year of the woman.” With 2017 showing a rash of sexual harrassment allegations being taken quite seriously, and perps like Bill Cozby and Bill O’Reilly now appearing to have egg on their faces, much progress will hopefully be made this year. Daniel R. Katz edited a wonderful book that features a tremendous number and variety of quotes about freedom by famous feminists, African-Americans, and thinkers of all kinds. It’s entitled Why Freedom Matters. It’s a solid read. Must have 50-60 essays, all of which are more or less good (and some are great). Many are totally foreign to me, and were very welcome.

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A Careful, Critical Look at America Since 9/11

America Since 9/11 November 20th, 2017

What were some of the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States? Did it give cover for certain forces and cabals to alter America substantially? Have civil liberties been curtailed in subsequent years? Is it fair to call the U.S. “the land of the free”? Have we lost something by torturing, attacking, and jailing both citizens and non-citizens alike? If Lady Liberty had the ability to move, would she be covering her face or standing proud? What do we as citizens need to do to try to halt the slide into a surveillance state in which dissent is quelled and dissenters are dealt with unethically? To help me explore America since 9/11, I interviewed Christine Rose, a documentary filmmaker about her film Liberty Bound: The United States Since 9/11.

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Quotes About Freedom, Rights, & Liberty

quotes about freedom October 26th, 2017

Everyone values freedom, not just libertarians or those on the political Right. It is absolutely fundamental, as evidenced by the amount of literature dedicated to it since the time of the ancient Greeks. As well, wars have been fought and millions have perished fighting for what they perceived to be their freedom. The U.S. Bill of Rights and the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights are rife with language that evokes the natural rights human beings have to choose their own way, and to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Property, health, welfare, peace, and a job might also be considered our due rights. However, one cannot simply look up the word “rights” or “liberty” in the dictionary and get a clear understanding. It takes one additional mental step, and a bit of time. To that end, this blog features a very diverse sample of intriguing quotes about freedom.

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